History of Coronavirus

COVID-19 first appeared in Wuhan city of China in December 2019 and rapidly recognized as a pandemic disease by The World Health Organization in March 2020. As of 23 March 2020, the viral disease COVID-19 has infected over 342,000 people and killed over 14,700 (“2019–20 coronavirus pandemic,” 2020). It is a respiratory disease that transmits from animals to humans and recently from human to another.

Map of confirmed cases per capita as of 23 March 2020
Source: worldmeter

Many countries have imposed restrictions, quarantines and curfew movement to contain the pandemic as the number of cases increases and to avoid any complications in the future. Countries like China, Italy, South Korea and The United States imposed highly restricted rules to contain the disease and they recorded the most cases (Civile, n.d.; “COVID-19/Coronavirus Real-Time Updates With Credible Sources in The US and Canada | 1Point3Acres,” n.d.; Deerwester & Gilbertson, n.d.; Li et al., 2020; Nikel, n.d.; Normile, 2020; Perrone, 2020).

Although many regions affected by the disease, some have taken precautions to avoid future difficulties as they see the numbers have shockingly increased. In the middle East, countries like Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait (Worldometer, 2020) have shown fewer numbers compared to Europe and East Asia which highlight an important factor that needs to be studied and understood. The paper will assist in understanding some of the factors that helped in reducing the number of cases in these countries and to be implemented in future research.