Built Environment impact on health

Healthy cities

Despite the rapid growth in developed countries, some might concern that this growth can cause a major impact on people’s health, the design plays an important role on individuals and the society (Pinter-Wollman, Jelic, & Wells, 2018). It was also highlighted that there might result in chronic infectious diseases. A great example brought from the nineteenth and early twentieth in London, Paris and New York City as those main cities were highly contagious, Waves of cholera, tuberculosis, and typhoid swept through these cities. It brought into attention that there were many factors affected the highly populated cities such as ventilation, congestion, and lack of sunshine caused many deaths that time and was not well understood for a long period (Bear, 2018; Frumkin, Frank, & Jackson, 2004).

COVID-19 pandemic disease killed until this date 24 March 2020 over 17,000 and still counting, many of the cases had a chronic illness and previous weak immunity system. However, it seemed that the elderlies have the most death cases from this disease. A statement by Direct General of WHO “Although older people are the hardest hit, younger people are not spared” which means that the COVID-19 hit not just the elderly but youth as well and put them in great danger. According to the previous research carried by (Strickland, 2014) that improper built design causes high-density society and result in major health issues like obesity and inactive society. However, the current situation swiped some of the previous theories and revealed that even with developed societies, the health concerns still exist despite age and fitness. It also raises questions about how developed countries have encountered these shocking numbers of infections and death toll.

These massive numbers in lives lost taught the humans a big lesson, only by losing our loved one we tend to look for significant solutions to our problems. Many environmentalists urged the governments and societies to seek urgent strategies to save the planet Earth but only a few offered help, issues like recycling, pollution, deforestation, massive destruction, animal abuse, and many other factors have been raised for many years. COVID-19 is the result of humans and it’s just a series of continuous pandemic diseases that his our communities and will continue to rise if we don’t find the answers. From building factories to tourism and many more businesses that showed human greediness to evolve with real attention to environmental destruction and our resources. Architecture and built environment are an essential part of this arena and it could be implemented to save many future incidents, it’s the little things can make a huge difference, with the people’s help we can grow stronger immune systems that flourish from our daily lives.

When we discuss smaller dense communities we find that it is one of the solutions towards healthier cities, it is a fact that without paying attention to the density we end up having a high populated area with higher CO2 emission. As a result, we find ourselves surrounded by unhealthy spaces that can be a great atmosphere for bacterias and viruses to spread. If we pay more attention to countries like China and the USA, the statistics showed how highly populated areas have helped to spread the COVID-19, besides the rapid development which is also considered an asset to the virus to spread among people. Yes, recycling and government restrictions helped in a matter but it is not enough to save the planet which has reached its peak with only a few real attempts to repair the situation.

These are just a few factors that resulted in a weaker immune system, our lifestyle, stress and food consumption are among the many other factors that helped the outbreak. Some blame China for the higher CO2 emission, yet we are more reliant on some countries to produce what we need. With the rapid growth of the industries and cities, we should ask ourselves, do we need more and bigger factories? the Earth has reached its limit and can not occupy more pollution, Didn’t we see enough signs to predict how the future will turn to be?

All the signs and the numbers showed how the breakdown help reducing the pollution level in many countries as a result of the major shutdown of many important cities around the world. Although this helped in reducing the emission level, but it’s just a temporary solution. Soon the world will start again and keep growing to open the door for another disaster.

Architecture and Modernism Influence on the Widely Spread of COVID-19

Coronavirus Illustration

Following up on the recent event in the world, this writing is to show the impact on architecture and modernism on the pandemic disease named COVID-19. The section not only discusses some of the previous literature in this field but will also present facts and numbers on how development and design have increased the number of infections around the world. We will also show some articles and interview expertise to confirm this theory. The last section will reveal some suggestions that might help to reduce the virus impact by implementing several techniques that will be discussed later.

This study will compare different cases that are taking into consideration the country’s development and the number of infected cases. To this day, the cases will be China, Malaysia, Iraq, Italy, and The United States. It is taking into considerations that each case has shown different numbers and growth of infected cases and will be discussed further in the blog.

Distribution of cases worldwide
Source: Worldometer

Some highlighted that there are numerous reasons behind the widespread of the virus such as environment, immunity, population, human behavior and genes (1). Although there are several factors that affect the distribution of cases, this discussion will only focus on the countries’ development and architecture.

It looks like there might be a relation between the country development and infrastructure and the quick spread of COVID-19 as the statistics showed that the major infections appeared in considerably high profile and developed such as China, Europe and the USA. The numbers in the upcoming figure clearly highlight the recorded cases until today 23 March 2020.

Confirmed Cases and Deaths by Country, Territory, or Conveyance
Source: Worldometer 2020